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Selasa, 25 Desember 2007

Women soldier, case of WW2


In WW2, there's no other countries that send many women in great number as combatan like USSR (former Russia).

Many young women send to "Great Patriotic war"( ww2 in Russian term)
as Sniper, aviator and off course clandestine operations.

There's too many casualties amongs them, but like their's men partners they fought with fearless, bravehart and ... surprisingly with many great result too.

This is tribute to all of them...........

SNIPER :
The Soviet Union deployed women snipers extensively, and to great effect, including Nina Alexeyevna Lobkovskaya and Ukrainian Lyudmila Pavlichenko (who killed over 300 German soldiers). The Soviets found that sniper duties fit women well, since good snipers are patient, deliberate, have a high level of aerobic conditioning, and normally avoid hand-to-hand combat


AVIATOR or PILOT :
The 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment: This unit was the first to take part in combat (April 16, 1942) of the three female regiments and participated in 4,419 combat missions (125 air battles and 38 kills). Lydia Litvyak and Katya Budanova were assigned to the unit before joining the 437th IAP in the fighting over Stalingrad and became the world's only two female fighter aces (with 12 and 11 victories respectively), both flying the Yak-1 fighter.

The 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment: This was the best known of the regiments and was commanded by Yevdokia Bershanskaya. It originally began service as the 588th Night Bomber Regiment, but was redesignated in February 1943 as recognition for service which would tally 24,000+ combat missions by the end of the war. Their aircraft was the Polikarpov Po-2, a very outdated biplane. The Germans were the ones however who gave them the name that they are most well known as, The Night Witches.

The 125th Guards Bomber Aviation Regiment: Marina Raskova commanded this unit until her death in combat, and then the unit was assigned to Valentin Markov. It started service as the 587th Bomber Aviation Regiment until it was given the Guards designation in September 1943.


CLANDESTINE OPERATIONS :

Women consistituted significant numbers of the Soviet partisans. One of the most famous was Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya. In October of 1941, still an 18 year old high school student in Moscow, she volunteered for a partisan unit. At the village of Obukhovo near Naro-Fominsk, Kosmodemyanskaya and other partisans crossed the front line and entered territory occupied by the Germans. She was arrested by the Nazis on a combat assignment near the village of Petrischevo (Moscow Oblast) in late November 1941. Kosmodemyanskaya was savagely tortured and humiliated, but did not give away the names of her comrades or her real name (claiming that it was Tanya). She was hanged on November 29, 1941. It was claimed that before her death Kosmodemyanskaya had made a speech with the closing words, “There are two hundred million of us; you can’t hang us all!” Kosmodemyanskaya was the first woman to become Hero of the Soviet Union during the war (February 16, 1942).

The youngest woman to become a Hero of the Soviet Union was also a resistance fighter, Zinaida Portnova. She was visiting an aunt when the Germans invaded and was trapped behind German lines. In 1942, aged 15, after seeing the brutality of the occupying troops, Portnova joined the Belarusian resistance movement. She hid weapons for partisans, distributed leaflets and conducted sabotage. In January 1944 she was captured. She shot one of her captors whilst trying to escape but was caught and killed, just short of her 18th birthday. In 1958 Portnova was posthumously made a Hero of the Soviet Union, there is a monument to her in the city of Minsk and some youth pioneer movement detachments were named after her.

PREFACE





Until now, the World war 2 still biggest conflict in all entired world history.
Many countries was getting involved even its peoples or goverments like or not.

Its epilog, two series of atomic bombing finished the conflict but never enough to stop the willingness countries to conflict one to another. After that, cold war with all it's consequencies still wasted too many lives.

When cold war have finished at 1990's, peoples in the world was not automatically stopped to conflict. Many problems like nation disintegration, global economic crisis, Balkanism and others have created other disaster of cruelties like mass genocide in Bosnia and Rwanda .

Then the September 11th, 2001. The world was never be the same again.

We must learn to ww2, because of its globally effect to our history and our today
We must learn to ww2, because of its possibility could be happened again
We must learn to ww2 for our better future............................................................................................